Medically reviewed by Timothy J. Legg, Ph.D., CRNP. — Written by Kellie Walsh — Updated on May 27, 2016


Share on PinterestAn OB-GYN, or obstetrician-gynecologist, is a doctor who specializes in women’s health. The female body toàn thân experiences many different biological functions, including menstruation, childbirth, và menopause. OB-GYNs provide care for all of this & more. Here’s a look at what they chính vì & when you should consider seeing one.Bạn vẫn xem: Gynecologist là gì, nghĩa của từ bỏ gynecology

An obstetrician-gynecologist, or OB-GYN, has expertise in female reproductive sầu health, pregnancy, và childbirth. Some OB-GYNs offer a wide range of general health services similar bự your primary care doctor. Others focus on the medical care of the female reproductive sầu system.

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OB-GYNs also provide routine medical services and preventive sầu screenings. This type of doctor has studied obstetrics và gynecology.

The term “OB-GYN” can refer khổng lồ the doctor, an obstetrician-gynecologist, or to mập the sciences that the doctor specializes in, which are obstetrics với gynecology.

What is obstetrics?

Obstetrics is the branch of medicine related béo medical & surgical care before, during, với after a woman gives birth. Obstetrics focuses on caring for & maintaining a woman’s overall health during maternity.

This includes:

pregnancylaborchildbirththe postpartum period

OB-GYNs can conduct office visits, perform surgery, và assist with labor cùng delivery. Some OB-GYNs provide services through a solo or private practice. Others chính vì so as part of a larger medical group or hospital.

What is gynecology?

Gynecology is the branch of medicine that focuses on women’s bodies và their reproductive sầu health. It includes the diagnosis, treatment, và care of women’s reproductive sầu system.

This includes the:

vaginauterusovariesfallopian tubes

Gynecology is the overarching field of women’s health from puberty through adulthood. It represents most of the reproductive sầu care you’ll receive during your lifetime. If you become pregnant, you’ll need khủng go to lớn an obstetrician.

What are the specialty areas?

Approximately 90 percent of OB-GYNs are generalists. This means they work across a wide range of OB-GYN services. Some choose to specialize in one or more different subspecialties. These may include:

Maternal-fetal medicine

These specialists care for patients with high-risk pregnancies và related medical conditions. You might see a maternal-fetal medicine specialist if you have:

chronic or gestational high blood pressuregestational diabetesblood-clotting disorderspremature labor

Reproductive endocrinology & infertility

These endocrinologists address issues related to lớn infertility cùng the glands cùng hormones of the endocrine system. If you wish mập mạp become pregnant but are having trouble conceiving, you can go to a reproductive sầu endocrinologist. They persize assisted reproduction procedures, such as:

in vitro fertilizationgamete intrafallopian transferzygote intrafallopian transferembryo transfer

Gynecolô ghích oncology

These oncologists specialize in diagnosing và treating cancers of the female reproductive system. This includes cancers of the:


Female pelvic medicine và reproductive surgery

These surgeons focus on treating women with urinary tract disorders. They also focus on disorders of the muscle và connective tissue located just beneath a woman’s pelvis. This area is called the pelvic floor.

The pelvic floor may become weak as a result of pregnancy, age, or certain medical conditions. These specialists address:

urinary or fecal incontinencevaginal or urinary tract infectionsoveractive sầu bladderbladder painpelvic organ prolapse

A doctor must first complete their bachelor’s degree cùng four years of medical school training vĩ đại become an OB-GYN.

After medical school, you must complete four years of graduate-level education as a resident focusing on obstetrics & gynecology. During this period, doctors learn about reproductive issues and other health-related issues in women. In particular, they learn about:


Doctors complete their residency under the supervision of an attending doctor in a medical setting, such as in a hospital.

You must complete an additional three years of training after you finish your residency to khủng specialize in a certain area.

After all required training has been completed, you must pass a specialty board certification exam. The American Board of Obstetrics với Gynecology oversees this exam.

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OB-GYNs must take a maintenance exam every six years béo uphold their certification.