Vietnam’s climate is in the tropical zone. However, because of the monsoon influences và the country’s geographical features, the weather of each region varies from north lớn south và from east lớn west according to lớn the topography. This country has the largest horizontal width of only about 310.7 miles (500 km) but its north-south distance is up to 1,025 miles (1,650 km) & the coastline measures 2,140 miles (3,444 km) length.Bạn sẽ xem: Monsoon season là gì
The northeast (winter) monsoon and southwest (summer) monsoon
For easier understanding, we can divide Vietnam into three separate regions: the North, the Central, and Southbased upon their weather characteristics. The temperature of the whole country is quite constant: hot & humid all year round. It is applied for most parts of the country, except for the north with the cold winter in December and January, và the Central Highlands which is always cooler compared to lớn other places and is said to lớn have a temperate climate.Bạn vẫn xem: Monsoon season là gìBạn vẫn xem: Monsoon season là gì
The monsoon also has a huge impact on the weather, it decides whether that region would rain at that time or not. The Northeast monsoon’s effect is from November to April. It brings rain to lớn regions from the north half of the Central Coast lớn the North; sometimes it can be the cause of torrential rain & hail in these areas. The Southwest monsoon starts from May khổng lồ October. The North, Central Highland, & the South would face a lot of downpour in this period, while northern Central Vietnam & southern Northwest Vietnam is much drier và has less rainfall.
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With the annual average amount of 1,500-2,000 mm, rain is definitely a crucial factor that you should consider when planning to lớn visit Vietnam. It does not mean that you have khổng lồ totally avoid the wet season, you just need lớn pay attention to lớn the match of your intentional arrival time and the suitability of the weather system in your preferable-to-visit destinations. Here are some noteworthy features of the monsoon season in Vietnam depending on regions together with our advice for your trips and required clothes.
Effects of monsoon season in Vietnam on three regions
The North of Vietnam
Most provinces in Northern Vietnam have distinguishable summer & winter. From November to lớn April is the cold, dry winter, and from May to lớn October is hot, humid, rainy summer. In December and January, several areas can be freezing cold và experience some heavy mists, which might lead lớn bad visibility. In return, the landscape would be picturesque and dreamlike.
The mountainous area in the Vietnam northernmost has the coldest weather compared lớn other parts. At the vị trí cao nhất of Fansipan, the highest peak of Indochina, snow covers all the paths in winters. One of the most interesting places lớn visit is Sapa, a frontier town & also the tourism center of the northwest. You can meet some Vietnamese ethnicities here & join their local fairs. The average temperature is 15 Celsius (59 Fahrenheit), while the lowest point is 5 Celcius (41 Fahrenheit), so if you have no difficulty handling this cold, add Sapa khổng lồ your traveling checklist.
See What to vị in Hanoi in Summer
The hot & cold weather in the North is usually more intense than other parts
With the above information, the most enjoyable time lớn travel to lớn the North of Vietnam is in the spring or autumn, particularly April và October-November, right after the winter. The weather in these months would not be too severely cold or skin-burning hot.
The Centre (Northern Central Coast, Southern Central Coast, & Central Highland)
This is the transitional part of the weather conditions in the North và the one in the South. Khổng lồ the west of Central Vietnam, the Truong Son mountain range dries the southwest monsoon, or the summer monsoon, and prevents it from bringing its pure characteristics lớn the coast. Since the impact of the monsoon is weakened, in the rainy season, April to September in particular, the area receives less precipitation in comparison to the rest of the country.
The northern half of Central Vietnam is in the exposed zone khổng lồ the northeast monsoon, which leads lớn a huge amount of rainfall và vulnerability to typhoon season, especially in the last months of the year. In this period, Hoi An, which is near this area, is often flooded. In 2017, the residents & the provincial authority had to lớn spend a lot of effort to clean up after the flood in Hoi An so that the city is well-prepared to lớn welcome the delegates of the APEC.
While the rain seems to lớn be harsher, the temperature here is higher và it also gets more sunshine than the North. Hue (Thua Thien Hue Province) has an average temperature of around 26 Celsius (78.8 Fahrenheit). Quang nam Province (the land of modern beach thành phố Da Nang và Hoi An ancient town) also has similar weather. However, Quang nam is a bit warmer since the locations of the two provinces are on the opposite sides of Bach Ma Range, which is also the borderline for the northern half và southern half of Central Vietnam. The coolest month is January, but the temperature varies from just trăng tròn Celsius (68 Fahrenheit) in Hue lớn 24 Celsius (75.2 Fahrenheit) in Nha Trang.
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The Centre has many coastal provinces
The best time khổng lồ visit Central Vietnam is February - March for the north region and January - March for the south one. It is recommended to come no later than April. If you happen to lớn arrive from May to August, read our suggested belongings which are mentioned below to lớn cope with the monsoon season in Vietnam.